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Information Literacy Interest Group: Teaching Tips

Teaching Tips

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, pedagogy is "The art, occupation, or practice of teaching. Also: the theory or principles of education; a method of teaching based on such a theory." This sub-page is devoted to strengthening pedagogy for librarians by offering tips on determining learning objectives, creating lesson plans, and basic teaching strategies. 

How to Write a Lesson Plan

There are a variety of ways to write a lesson plan. You may prefer to do a brief outline, or you may prefer a more formalized lesson plan that includes many details and follows a set template. Whatever format you choose to go with, you should always start by identifying your learning objectives (see box on this page for tips on creating learning objectives.) Below are some sample templates and additional guidelines to help you create your own lesson plans. 

How to Write Learning Objectives

Learning outcomes are statements of what students will learn in a class session. "The statements are focused on student learning (What will students learn today?) rather than instructor teaching (What am I going to teach today?)" (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign). It is important to start by identifying your learning outcomes so that you have a clear goal of what information retrieval systems and skills you will cover in your instruction session. If your instruction session was requested by a professor to help his or her students, you will also want to discuss the learning objectives with him or her; this can help ensure that you and the professor are on the same page. Learning outcomes are also integral when it comes time for assessment (see the Assessment tab for more information). 




  • Ross, A., & Furno, C. (2011). Active learning in the library instruction environment: An exploratory study. portal: Libraries and the Academy11(4), 953-970.

Tips for Teaching a Flipped Classroom

According to ACRL:

A flipped classroom inverts the traditional educational model so that the content is delivered outside of class, while class time is spent on activities normally considered “homework.” For example, students may access instructional material through videos, podcasts or online tutorials before the class meeting. Then during class time, students work on activities which force them to apply what they have learned. 

Tips for Teaching Online

Active Learning

Bloom's Taxonomy

For more information on Bloom's Taxonomy, refer to the Center for Teaching at Vanderbilt University. 

Bloom's Taxonomy withQuestions​

Bloom's Taxonomy with Questions

Additional information can be found at CPAHS Virtual Library by C. Costello